All You Need to Know About Teeth Grinding

Have you noticed that your teeth are becoming worn down or sensitive? You may be experiencing bruxism, which is also known as teeth grinding. This condition affects millions of people worldwide and can lead to serious dental issues if left untreated. This blog discusses the causes and symptoms of teeth grinding, as well as treatment and preventive suggestions. Say goodbye to painful mornings, and hello to healthier teeth! Read on to check out all you need to know about tooth grinding.

What is Teeth Grinding?

Teeth grinding, or bruxism is a condition characterized by the involuntary clenching and grinding of teeth. While occasional teeth grinding is common, chronic bruxism can cause serious dental problems over time.

Bruxism is in two categories which include awake bruxism and sleep bruxism. Awake bruxism occurs while the person is conscious and usually involves clenching their jaw in response to stress or anxiety. Sleep bruxism typically happens during deep sleep and can be caused by factors such as misaligned teeth or an abnormal bite.

A qualified dentist can help you with proper diagnosis and treatment for teeth grinding. With the right care plan in place, however, most people with mild-to-moderate cases of teeth grinding can find relief from their symptoms.

Causes Of Teeth Grinding


Teeth grinding or bruxism can be caused by a variety of factors, with some being more common than others.

  • Stress and Anxiety

Stress and anxiety are common conditions many people suffer from, and they can cause teeth grinding. When a person is angry they may clench their jaw muscles together without realizing it. Over time, this can cause tooth wear and tear.

  • Uneven Bite

Dental problems like bite alignment issues in your mouth can cause bruxism. An uneven bite can cause people to grind their teeth as a way to find relief from discomfort or pain.

  • Smoking and Alcohol

    Lifestyle choices like smoking and alcohol consumption can increase the risk of bruxism. In addition, certain medications, including antidepressants, antipsychotics, and allergy medications, may contribute to this condition.

    Read to know: How does Smoking Affect Your Teeth?

  • Sleep Disorder

Sleep disorders such as sleep apnea may also trigger teeth grinding since these conditions interfere with normal sleep patterns leading to involuntary muscle movements, including clenching or gnashing of the teeth.

  • Genetics

Teeth grinding can also be caused by family history. People who have bruxism in their family can get the disorder at any age.

Symptoms of Teeth Grinding

Many people are unsure about whether they are having teeth grinding issues or not because the symptoms are not always noticeable. Nevertheless, it is essential to pay attention to the signs, as untreated bruxism can lead to severe oral health problems.

  • Headache

One of the most common symptoms of teeth grinding is a dull headache in the temples or jaw muscles that persists upon waking up in the morning. This pain results from constant clenching and unclenching of your jaws while you sleep.

  • Sensitivity

Another indication is tooth sensitivity due to enamel erosion caused by excessive pressure on your teeth. You might also notice facial muscle soreness, especially around your cheeks and ears.

  • Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) disorder

In some cases, chronic bruxism leads to temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder; this occurs when there’s damage or inflammation in your TMJ resulting from prolonged jaw clenching during sleep.

It’s crucial to schedule an appointment with a dentist if you experience any of these symptoms persistently. A dental professional can confirm whether you have bruxism by examining your mouth for telltale signs like worn-down tooth surfaces or chipped enamel.

Prevention and Treatment

Preventing teeth grinding can be a challenge, but it is not impossible. Here are some tips to help you prevent this harmful habit:

1. Reduce Stress: One of the main causes of bruxism is stress, so reducing your stress can help you prevent teeth grinding.

2. Avoid Energy Drinks and Coffee: Avoid energy drinks like caffeine and alcohol, before bed, which can help you avoid teeth grinding.

3. Get a Mouth Guard: using a mouth guard while sleeping can also help you to prevent tooth grinding

4. Don’t Neglect Your Sleep Hygiene: Maintaining a regular sleep pattern and developing a soothing bedtime routine may reduce nighttime teeth clenching and grinding.

5. Practice Relaxation Techniques: Techniques such as meditation or deep breathing exercises may reduce muscle tension and alleviate bruxism symptoms.

Read to know: Tooth Erosion: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options


Many people have trouble sleeping because they grind their teeth. Symptoms may include tooth decay, migraines, and jaw pain. Numerous factors, including stress and anxiety, can lead to tooth grinding. Relaxation methods, mouthguards, and medication are only some of the effective therapies for teeth grinding that are currently accessible. If you suspect you are having these issues during the day or night, contact your dentist. Also, understanding the preventive measures will help you rather than treating the condition.

Try reducing stress levels through exercise or relaxation techniques and avoid consuming caffeine late in the day, which can exacerbate symptoms. Early intervention and proper treatment can help prevent long-term complications associated with bruxism. So don’t wait until it’s too late – take action today to protect your oral health!

Also Read: Best 10 Remedies to Stop Snoring

How to Fix a Gummy Smile?

Do you feel self-conscious about your smile because too much of your gums show? You’re not alone. A gummy smile is a common dental issue that affects many people. While it’s not necessarily harmful to your oral health, having excessive gum tissue can make you feel insecure and affect the way you interact with others. Luckily, there are several treatment options available to fix a gummy smile and boost your confidence. In this blog post, we’ll explore the causes of a gummy smile and discuss how to fix a gummy smile. So let’s get started!

What is a Gummy Smile?

A beautiful smile depends more on how well it complements the rest of the face than on the precise proportions of the teeth and gums. When a person is smiling beautifully, their upper lip should rest only a few millimeters (mm) over the crowns of their teeth. A “gummy smile,” however, shows more gum than usual. So, what does this mean? When someone smiles, it throws off the balance of their face.

Treatment Options

1) Botox

Botox, or Type A botulinum toxin, is a neuromodulator that is increasingly popular for use in anti-aging treatments like wrinkle smoothing. If your upper lip is too short or too active, Botox can help you stop showing too much gum when you smile. While the cost of Botox is typically lower than that of surgery, the benefits only persist for around three to eight months. Botox reduces the strength of the overactive lip muscle, resulting in less noticeable upper lip raising when smiling.

2) Orthodontic Treatment

If you have a gummy smile because of jaw problems or an incorrect bite, orthodontic treatment may help. In addition to alleviating any pain or discomfort brought on by these diseases, treating them can also improve the appearance of a gummy smile. Your gummy smile may be less noticeable if your teeth are properly aligned so that less gum shows when you smile. Discuss the possibility of orthodontic treatment to correct your gummy grin with your dentist or orthodontist.

3) Veneers

If veneers are the only thing holding back your pearly whites from shining through, then you have nothing to worry about. Placing veneers on your teeth is just cosmetic; therefore, it won’t alleviate any pain or suffering caused by the underlying condition(s) that lead to your gummy grin. Your dentist or orthodontist can use veneers or crowns to transform the look of your teeth into something more elongated and voluminous. This will make your teeth appear more normal in size in relation to your gums. This is a reasonably painless method of reducing the prominence of your gums when you smile.

Read to know: Are Dental Veneers Right for You?

4) Crown Lengthening

Crown lengthening is an effective way for those who are worried about how to fix a gummy smile. A gum lift or crown lengthening may be recommended if the excessive gum tissue is covering too much of your teeth. In order to raise the gum line, a portion of the gum tissue surrounding the teeth must be surgically removed. More teeth than gums will show when you smile. We may suggest a crown lengthening procedure if there is a lot of healthy gum tissue. The bone that surrounds the teeth is also altered by this procedure, in addition to the gums.

Also Read: Is a Dental Crown Necessary After Root Canal Treatment?

5) Lip-Lowering Surgery

Lip repositioning surgery, or reverse vestibulopathy, is the medical term for this procedure. An incision is made on the inside of the upper lip, and a thin strip of tissue is removed. The gum surgeon then stitches up the incision. As a result, you can smile without worrying about your lip lifting too much. As a result, your surgeon can fix your gummy smile exactly where he or she wants to. Furthermore, you will notice a larger upper lip following surgery.

6) Corrective Jaw Surgery

This operation will be performed by the surgeon only if absolutely necessary. The top jaw will be moved forward during this operation. As a result, it aids in achieving a harmonious proportion between the upper and lower jaws. General anesthesia is required for this surgery as opposed to local. In addition, an orthodontist and a maxillofacial surgeon collaborate on this procedure. The surgeon can pinpoint the precise region of excessive jaw growth using repeated images. Wearing braces or other orthodontic devices is sometimes necessary. They will ensure that your teeth and jaw are in the correct positions.


Gummy smiles can be a source of self-consciousness for many people, but thankfully there are effective treatment options available. Whether it’s surgery or orthodontics, these methods can help you achieve the smile you’ve always wanted. It’s important to remember that each case is unique and may require different approaches. Consulting with a dental professional is crucial in determining which treatment option will work and how to fix a gummy smile. Don’t let a gummy smile hold you back any longer – take the first step toward achieving your dream smile today!

Read Similar: Best 9 Practices For Healthy Teeth and Gums

How To Deal With Dental Plaque Formation?

Dental plaque formation is a very common phenomenon seen in both adults and children. Plaques can form in different multitudes, and there are many ways in which plaques can be removed from the mouth. Plaque formation causes different issues like bad breath, tooth decay, gum disease, and other oral health problems. Plaque removal can be done at home, and routine checkups with your dentist will help avoid plaque formation.  Read the article below to understand how to deal with dental plaque formation.

What is a Plaque?

Plaque is a colorless, sticky film of bacteria that forms on the surface of the teeth. when saliva, fluids, and food particles come into contact with each other and create plaque. Plaque is made of bacteria and is produced between teeth and the gum line. Once the plaque layer is formed in the teeth, it allows microbes to stick to it. The plaque becomes visible over time with proper dental hygiene.

Why is Dental Plaque Bad for Your Health?

As said earlier, food particles, especially starch and carbohydrates mixed with plaque, cause erosion of the tooth enamel. When erosion happens, it will cause cavities over the teeth and can cause tooth sensitivity, pain, and eventually tooth loss. The entire foundation of the tooth structure may be affected in the long run.

Plaque can eventually cause bad breath, which can affect self-confidence and impact social life. The best way to remove plaque is through brushing and flossing. Plaques are usually removed through professional cleaning by the dentist. Small amounts of plaque can be removed at home, and only when it is long due and forms tartar, professional cleaning is required. Fluoride treatment right after plaque removal can help enhance the enamel of the tooth.

What Causes Plaque Buildup?

The most common reason for plaque buildup is not brushing the teeth regularly. If an average individual brushes twice a day but does not floss, it can also lead to the formation of plaque. Eating sugary and starchy foods throughout the day and right before bedtime can lead to plaque. If you are not drinking enough water, that can also be an initiation point for plaque formation. The issue of bad breath usually arises when there is a gum infection, which can cause bleeding, inflammation, and swelling. The bacteria that form in this condition can reach other parts of the body through the bloodstream.

Who is Likely to Have Dental Plaque?

A person who is normally subjected to dental plaque is as follows:

  • If the person regularly consumes sugar and starchy foods.
  • If the person doesn’t brush their teeth regularly and does not floss regularly.
  • If they have dry mouth due to medications like antidepressants
  • History of head or neck radiation.
  • Smoking.

Read to know: How does Smoking Affects Your Teeth?

How is Plaque Diagnosed?

Plaque is diagnosed by inspecting your mouth and teeth regularly. When there is a fuzzy feeling over the teeth when you run your tongue over them, it means there is a formation of plaque. Also, the formation of a plaque that is not visible can be found under routine dental inspection. Plaque can also lead to the formation of cavities, which can be more evident in dental X-rays.

Different Ways to Prevent Plaque Buildup


There are different ways to ways to deal with dental plaque formation. The plaque, when not taken care of, forms tartar and then requires professional cleaning. Let us look into the different ways in which one can prevent the buildup of plaque:

  • Using The Correct Brushing Pattern

Simply brushing twice a day will not suffice to prevent the buildup of plaque. The right way to brush is to hold the hand at 45 degrees and brush for at least two to three minutes per brushing session. You should also make sure that, while brushing, all the spots in between the teeth are reached. The brushing has to be done in circular motions, brushing the front and back of the teeth to make sure there is no plaque formation.

Also Read: Ultimate Guide for Choosing the Right Toothpaste

  • Chewing Sugar-Free Gum After Meals

This is one of the important ways to deal with dental plaque formation. Chewing sugar-free gum is a good practice after meals. Chewing sugar-free gums for at least twenty minutes after eating food can help stimulate the flow of saliva, neutralize the acidic content in the mouth, and nudge out the food particles that are lodged between the teeth. It will also help prevent tooth decay, and scented gums can also help with bad breath in the mouth.

  • Regular Use Of Antimicrobial Mouthwash

After brushing and flossing each day, the next step is to use mouthwash to clean the mouth again. It is an added prevention method to make sure that the particles that are stuck in areas where the brush cannot reach are removed. The gums’ health also helps in preventing gum diseases. It also helps in avoiding bad breath and retaining oral health in the best way possible.

  • Regular Consumption Of Fruits And Vegetables

Regular consumption of fruits and vegetables is one of the ways to deal with dental plaque formation. Eating foods with high sugar content and foods with a high starch content like bread, sweets, cake, cookies, chocolate, etc. This contributes to the formation of saliva after mixing with it. But replacing such foods with good fruits and vegetables will help with dental health. Drinking water and eating fiber-rich foods also help stimulate the flow of saliva inside the mouth.

Taking the help of experienced dental professionals will help make sure that overall oral health is maintained. Periodic dental checkups and cleanings will help the mouth be devoid of bad breath and other issues like plaque formation and gum infections.

Read Similar:

Why Good Nutrition is Necessary for Healthy Teeth?

How Does Drug Abuse Affects Oral Health in Adolescents?

Oral health plays an important role in routine life. Good oral hygiene helps build a person’s self-confidence through how they smile, and good dental health helps you stay away from pain. Brushing twice a day does not just suffice for good health; one also needs to have a great lifestyle to maintain dental hygiene at its best. Drug abuse is one such factor that affects oral health, and it needs to be taken care of, especially in the case of adolescents. In this blog, we are trying to learn more about how drug abuse affects oral health in the long run.

Drug Abuse and Dental Health

Constant and regular use of drugs can damage the tooth and cause it to fall out. The use of drugs can also reduce the flow of saliva in the mouth, which causes dry mouth. When the flow of saliva stops, it initiates a breeding ground for tooth decay, and this is because when the saliva is not there, the mouth becomes a breeding ground for bacteria, increases the acid that causes decay, stops remineralization, and will have food particles in between teeth.

Read to know: Common Symptoms of Tooth Decay

Drugs That Affect Teeth And Gums

  • Methamphetamine

How -Methamphetamine-drug-abuse-affect-oral-health

The drug is also known as “crystal meth” and causes the most destruction in the mouth. It wears down the teeth and gums, turning them black. The teeth along the cheeks will decay over time. Meth has a high composition of acidic elements, and it wears off the enamel of the tooth. The person who is consuming meth will have constant sugar cravings.

  • Ecstasy (MDMA)


MDMA causes dry mouth and causes all the issues that have been discussed before. A dry mouth causes a spontaneous increase in the number of cavities and also causes intense gum issues. Bruxism is another issue caused by the frequent consumption of MDMA; this is another name for tooth grinding, and it causes immense jaw pain.

  • Cocaine


Cocaine is usually rubbed directly onto the gums, and this will cause a direct impact on the gums and also affect the jaw bone and cause pain. Frequent use of cocaine will make the palate taste bad. People who snort cocaine over time can also be subjected to palatal perforation, which damages the tissue between the roof of the mouth and the nose and creates a hole. This makes it hard to speak, eat, and drink.

  • Cannabis


Smoking cannabis for a prolonged period will have detrimental effects on the overall effect and also cause major problems when it comes to dental health. Continuous use can also cause much more serious issues, like stomatitis, which results in inflammation in the mouth and lips, and gum overgrowth. The effects of cannabis and its dreadful impact on prolonged use are still a subject of research, and in the coming years, more understanding will be gained on the subject.

  • Alcohol


Alcohol is legal and widely consumed. Consuming alcohol at an early age, especially during adolescence, influences oral health in unacceptable ways. But regular consumption of alcohol can cause an effective increase in the number of bacteria in the mouth and throw off the entire balance in the mouth. Alcohol disrupts the entire balance of oral microbes and causes gum infections, cardiovascular diseases, and even cancer.

  • Tobacco


Tobacco is a substance that is easily available to adolescents, and its regular use destroys the overall health of a person and especially affects an adolescent’s body with a high negative impact. It is the main cause of staining the teeth, plaque formation, and mouth cancer in adolescents and adults alike. Daily smoking habits can affect the gums as they lower the amount of oxygen in the mouth, which results in severe gum inflammation and infection. Dulled sense of taste and the loss of the foundational bone structure of the mouth are other major implications of using tobacco in the long run.

Read to Know: How Smoking Affects Your Teeth?

How Can One Treat The Dental Problems Caused By Substance Use?

The health issues can be classified as mild, moderate, or severe depending on how intensely the person consumed those drugs and the length of time of substance abuse. The first step will be to go to a dentist and confirm what issues the person is facing when it comes to oral health. According to the dentist’s findings, a treatment plan is devised. And the possible treatments include:

  • Root Canal
  • Deep cleaning to remove plaque
  • Teeth Whitening
  • Dental Implants
  • Aligning with the help of braces
  • Tooth Bonding

If a person expects to see long-lasting results from the dental treatments performed, the patient needs to stop the use of drugs, start with proper dental hygiene, and keep up with those practices. A good oral hygiene practice will include brushing twice, flossing, and using an antimicrobial mouthwash after brushing and flossing.

Understanding how drug abuse affects oral health may help you keep your mouth healthy. Once these measures are implemented effectively, there will be a definite change in the overall well-being of the body, not just oral health. The lost image and confidence can be regained in no time.

Read similar: Dental Implant: Useful Tips To Increase Their Longevity

The Role of Saliva in Oral Health

The salivary glands in our mouth produce saliva, which is primarily composed of water. However, this is not the only component; it also contains vital proteins and minerals that aid in tooth protection. Additionally, millions of bacteria are present. Some of these are what we typically refer to as “good bacteria,” which not only aid in the prevention of infections but also play a crucial role in the process of breaking down our food while we chew it, making it simpler for us to digest it.

It is well known that uncontrolled bacteria can cause gum diseases. Serious oral health issues like dental cavities and infections are more likely to arise when saliva levels are low. In this article, we discuss the role of saliva in oral health.

How does Saliva Maintains Oral Health?


1.  Enhanced Digestion

Saliva, which is composed of approximately 99 percent water along with minerals, various proteins, mucus, electrolytes, and amylase, an enzyme that breaks down starches, is a necessary secretion for easing the digestion of food. Little organs located in different parts of the mouth deliver saliva, which is carried to the oral cavity through small ducts or passageways. The major sets of salivary glands are located below the mandible, on the sides of the mouth, and below the tongue. It is possible to stimulate these salivary glands to produce more saliva. Chewing or eating can increase saliva production, and thinking of food can also result in increased saliva production, which is often referred to as “mouth-watering.”

2. Protects Teeth from Decay and Damage

Having enough saliva provides better protection for your teeth against tooth decay, which is the most common cause of tooth damage. Bacterial acid is the root cause of tooth decay. The acid’s attack on the tooth enamel dissolves vital minerals. As we all know, alkaline substances have a higher pH. Saliva contains an alkaline compound called bicarbonate, which balances the pH of the oral cavity to reduce the damage caused by oral acids. Acids, on the other hand, have a low pH.

Read to know: Common Symptoms of Tooth Decay

3. Prevents the Growth Of Harmful Bacteria

Saliva plays a role in preventing germs in oral health by having antimicrobial properties. It breaks down the cell walls of some oral bacteria, which stops them from growing.

4. Remineralizes Tooth Enamel

Acids actively dissolve minerals such as calcium and phosphorus from tooth enamel to remineralize it. Saliva aids in the reassimilation of minerals with the teeth. The presence of fluoride actively expands the remineralization of the teeth by stepping the dislodged minerals back into the enamel.

Read to know: Tooth Erosion: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

5. Lubricates Soft Tissues 

Saliva lubricates the soft tissues of the mouth to make them feel better. This lubrication remains constant in a healthy mouth due to the continuous production of small amounts of saliva.

6. Dilutes Sugar 

Simple sugars are many oral bacteria’s primary source of energy. Saliva dilutes sugars, making them less accessible to oral microbes.

7. Prevents Dry Mouth

Preventing dry mouth is one of the important roles of saliva in oral health. A dry mouth is a condition that some people suffer from because they lack saliva.  Radiation treatments and some medications are two more things that can cause dry mouth.

Various issues might emerge from dry mouth. Some of them are as follows:

  • Infectious fungi – Histatin, an antifungal agent, is one component of saliva.
  • The disease of the gums -When saliva does not dilute oral acids, they can more easily irritate the gums.
  • Infections with bacteria – Without saliva’s antibacterial properties, bacteria can grow faster, leading to more oral infections.
  • Decay in the teeth – More damage to the enamel occurs when saliva does not contain bicarbonate to neutralize bacterial acids.
  • Issues with the stomach -Improper breakdown of meals and snacks may occur if the food is not properly moistened and amylase does not break down dietary starches. As a result, digestive issues might occur.
  • Mouth discomfort-Mouth discomfort, in general, There may be discomfort as the mouth’s soft tissues dry out.

Read to know more about Dry Mouth: Prevention and Treatment


Saliva plays a major role in maintaining oral health by providing lubrication, cleansing the mouth, neutralizing acids, helping digestion, protecting against infections, and promoting oral health.

Tooth Erosion: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

What is Dental Erosion or Enamel Erosion?

Dental erosion, also known as enamel erosion, is a common problem that affects both adults and children. If not taken care of at the right time, it can lead to further complications. Tooth enamel is the hard exterior of the teeth. The purpose of tooth enamel is to protect the dentine layer of the teeth. Tooth enamel is the hardest mineral in the body, but once it is damaged, it is permanent and eventually will wear away completely.

Numerous studies have identified food and drink consumption as the primary causes of tooth erosion. The acidic nature of the food consumed can have major effects on the enamel of the tooth. There are many other factors that cause tooth erosion, and we will see them in the next heading.

Causes of Dental Erosion


The six main causes of dental erosion are dietary, regurgitation, environmental, flow of saliva, aging, and idiopathic.

Let us try and get to know each of these causes.

  • Dietary

Food and beverages are the main contributors to dietary and gastric acid formation in the mouth. And these acids attack the calcium mineral on the enamel and cause it to erode. Carbonated beverages and drinks with high citrus content have the highest acid content and can be responsible for tooth erosion when consumed frequently.

Regular consumption of citric acid in soft drinks, acidic sugar-free drinks, sugary drinks, and acidic fruits can play a major role in dental erosion.

  • Regurgitation

When the digestion process takes place within the system, an acid is formed to enhance the breakdown of the food particles. The acids that are then formed are easy to break down, even in teeth and bones. When the contents of the stomach come back to the mouth as part of gastric reflux and this continues for a long period of time, then it might be a cause for dental erosion.

The acids from gastric reflux or regurgitation first affect the back of the teeth. The erosion is seen as a faded yellowish tint on the back of the teeth. This tint means that the dentine of the surface is now exposed. When this happens, the mouth becomes overly sensitive to the intake of sweet, sour, hot, and cold food. When the erosion goes deeper, it can start affecting the nerves and muscles of the mouth as well.

  • Flow of Saliva

Saliva plays a major role in the digestive process of the human body. It helps break down the food we are consuming. It also helps neutralize the buildup of plaque in the mouth, which is an aftermath of the acidic byproduct of oral bacteria. When there is less flow of saliva in the mouth, it can cause an increase in the acidic level of the mouth and can result in dental or enamel erosion.

  • Environmental Factors

People who work in dangerous environments and are constantly exposed to hazardous chemicals are more prone to dental erosion. Working in plants and mines, where fumes can cause erosion, is a common cause. If you are someone who spends a lot of time in chlorinated water, like in swimming pools, then you might also come into contact with the issue of dental erosion.

  • Aging

Aging can be one of the common causes of dental erosion. As the person gets older, it can be subject to normal wear and tear of the enamel of the teeth. It can be avoided by maintaining a good oral hygiene routine.

  • Idiopathic

Idiopathic tooth erosion happens without any specific cause.

Read to know:Best 9 Practices For Healthy Teeth and Gums

Symptoms of Dental Erosion

Long before the physical damage manifests in the teeth, a person can experience enamel erosion in the mouth as pain or high sensitivity. Tooth sensitivity prevents chewing and, in particular, hot or cold food consumption.

The main symptoms of dental erosion will be:

  • Toothache and intense sensitivity.
  • Discoloration of the teeth; starts turning extremely yellowish.
  • Transparency around the front teeth’s edges
  • Teeth with an unusually rounded appearance
  • Chalky pits or cracks on the teeth.
  • The rough appearance of the teeth.

Make sure to book an appointment when you first start having toothache and sensitivity around your tooth.

Also Read: Tooth discoloration: Reasons, Prevention and Treatment

Treatment for Enamel or Tooth Erosion

The type of symptom determines the treatment for enamel erosion. A patient usually goes to the dentist when they face pain in the teeth, chipped teeth, high sensitivity, or any of the other symptoms of enamel erosion.

The dentist examines your condition, suspects the extent to which the tooth erosion has happened, and suggests medical treatment accordingly.

The usual treatments considered for enamel erosion are:

  • Dentists perform fillings for areas where there is minor erosion and the erosion is localized in one small area.
  • Dentists use crowns when filling cannot compensate for the erosion that has covered a major area.
  • Dental Bonding helps support multiple teeth.
  • Veneers for permanent protection against erosion.

Dentists recommend root canals when erosion has deeply affected the roots. If it is not possible to repair the tooth using root canals, then the only option left is to extract the tooth.

Read to know: Are Dental Veneers Right for You?

Preventive Measures Against Tooth Erosion

There are many ways in which one can easily prevent tooth erosion. It is to make sure that you perform a good oral hygiene routine in your day-to-day life.

Here are those measures:

  • Reducing the intake of sugary or acidic foods, like sweets and carbonated drinks.
  • Drinking water along with the consumption of citrusy and acidic foods.
  • If you have a tendency for enamel erosion, the dentists might recommend you to have specific chewing gum that will help stimulate saliva and wash off the acidic buildup.
  • Making sure to accompany acidic or citrusy foods with other meal components.
  • Rinsing your mouth well after having acidic foods. Do not brush your teeth right after as the enamel of your teeth is soft and brushing can cause more damage. Similar is the case when you vomit or have acid reflux.
  • Accompany your dental hygiene with toothpaste and toothbrush as recommended by the dentist.

Poor oral hygiene causes tooth erosion, and you can prevent it by implementing good standards for keeping your mouth clean.

Baby Teething Symptoms and Remedies

Children’s teething pains rank high on the list of developmental challenges. It’s unpleasant, often hurts, and might prevent you from getting any rest. When a baby is in pain, it can be difficult for parents to know how to help. If you have concerns about teething or want more information, this page is for you. We’ll talk about the discomforts your baby may experience from teething and how to alleviate those pains, so you know you’re doing everything possible to ease your baby’s suffering.

What are the Symptoms of Teething?


  • Crying and Irritation

Crying and irritability are common among teething symptoms in babies because of the pain and discomfort it might bring. Infants may exhibit increased crying, sleep disturbances, and increased parental clinginess. Applying a cool compress to the gums, massaging the gums, and providing teething toys or medication can help ease the pain. Baby can be distracted by play or calming music.

  • Extreme Drooling

Extreme drooling is also one of the teething symptoms in babies, and it can irritate the skin surrounding the mouth. Using a bib or a cloth to wipe up the drool and keep the area clean and dry is essential. Babies can be helped with their drooling using teething toys or cold compresses.

  • Biting

To ease the discomfort of teething, infants may chew on items. Babies need something clean and safe to chew on, such as a teething toy or a clean washcloth. A newborn can choke on something too little, so keeping an eye on them is essential.

  • Changes to Eating and Sleeping Times

When a baby is teething, the pain in his or her mouth can make it challenging to take in any liquids. Avoiding dehydration requires that fluids be provided regularly. A baby’s sleep schedule, including increased waking and difficulty settling asleep, may shift as they adjust to their new environment. The baby can be soot back to sleep with a light massage or soft music.

  • Face Rubbing and Ear Pulling

While teething, babies may rub their cheeks or tug at their ears. It is because the discomfort can spread to the ears and face. A cold compress or gum massage can help alleviate the discomfort. Playing a game or listening to some relaxing music can also assist.

  • Gag Reflex and/Or Coughing

Sometimes, teething can trigger a cough or gag reflex due to increased saliva production. For safety reasons, the baby should be held upright while feeding to avoid any potential for choking or aspiration. Frequent, modest feedings should be provided to avoid overwhelming the infant’s digestive system.

  • Gum Hematoma

There is a small chance that teething will result in a gum hematoma, a bruise, or swelling on the gums. The force of the tooth breaking through the gums can lead to this. See a doctor if your gums swell or develop bruises. They may suggest pain medication or a minor incision if the pressure is particularly severe.

Your baby may be teething if it shows any of these signs. Remember that not every baby may exhibit these symptoms; some may only have one or two, while others may seem to breeze through teething with little to no pain.

Remedies for Teething Discomfort

  • Teething Toys

To soothe the pain of teething, many parents turn to teething toys. Chewable objects can be found in a wide variety of forms and textures. Some are water-filled, so they can be frozen to soothe tender gums.

  • Cold Or Frozen Foods

Because of their anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties, cold temperatures are often recommended for children experiencing discomfort from teething. Frozen bananas, yogurt, and pureed fruits and vegetables are just some options for feeding your infant a cold or frozen meal. So watch your infant carefully, and don’t give them anything that could cause choking.

  • Massage Gums

To ease your baby’s pain from teething, try massaging his or her gums. Rubbing your baby’s gums with a clean finger or a moist washcloth can help prevent gum disease. A gum massager, made of soft silicone and designed to be frozen before use, is another option for massaging your baby’s gums.

  • Medications

There are many pain-relieving medicines that we commonly use for certain conditions, find online, or get from other sources.Before giving your baby any medication, you should talk to your pediatrician.


Teething is a normal part of a baby’s development but can be uncomfortable. As a parent, you should be aware of the signs and possible treatments for teething pain. If your child is experiencing pain from teething, try giving them a cold compress, teething toys, or medication. It’s also helpful to provide distractions like play or calm music and offer water regularly to avoid dehydration. Very high temperature, diarrhea, or excessive sobbing are all signs that a doctor’s visit is in need. When given the right amount of love and attention, teething can be relatively easy for both infant and parent.

To learn more about teething symptoms in babies and discomfort remedies get in touch with us.

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How to Get Rid of Mouth Ulcers?

Thinking about mouth ulcers in itself gives a twinge of pain, and almost everyone in the world right now has gone through that annoying pain at least once in their lifetime, and those of you haven’t; how does it feel to be so lucky?

Mouth ulcers are painful sores that appear inside the mouth and sometimes on the gums. They are also called canker sores. Mouth ulcers are usually not a cause of concern, but the excruciating pain it causes can be a cause of slight disruption in routine life. Mouth ulcers make it difficult to eat, drink, and even brush.

Even though it causes a lot of discomforts, they clear out themselves in around two weeks, and there won’t be any requirement to go to a dentist.

Ulcers can be seen in different sizes and the need to go to a doctor arises when the ulcer doesn’t go on its own and it is almost three weeks since its first appearance.

How Does a Mouth Ulcer Look Like?

A mouth ulcer is found in round or oval shapes and usually appears on the inside of the mouth, specifically on the cheeks, tongue, gums, and lips. The ulcers are seen as swollen and will have a hue of white, yellow or red, or even gray. There are chances of having more than one ulcer at a time.

The most common kind of mouth ulcer is  “aphthous ulcer”. It happens when the immune cells in a body called the ‘T cells’ start becoming more active and start forming ulcers inside of the mouth. The reason for the acting up of these cells is unknown.

Causes of Mouth Ulcers

Knowing the causes is important for understanding how to get rid of mouth ulcers. As discussed above, the reason why people come across mouth ulcers is unknown but some of the reasons that might trigger the formation of ulcers are as follows:

  • When you quit smoking for the first time, it might cause the formation of ulcers inside the mouth.
  • Having foods that are high in citrusy content or foods like chocolate, spicy foods, cheese, almonds, tomatoes, peanuts, etc.
  • Biting of the tongue or cheeks with a sharp tooth.
  • Poor-fitting dentures like braces rub over the insides of the mouth.
  • Hormonal changes
  • Hard food
  • Defective filing.
  • Deficiency of Vitamin  B12, folate or iron.
  • Chemicals in toothpaste.
  • Chickenpox
  • Crohn’s disease
  • weakened immune system

The genes that run in your family can also be a fair cause of the frequent ulcer formation in your mouth.

Read to know: How does Smoking Affect Your Teeth?

How to Get Rid of Mouth Ulcers?

At Home

There are many home remedies that can be done to reduce the irritation caused by ulcers and help restore the normal function of the mouth.

  • There are over-the-counter numbing creams or other ointments that can help lower the pain and swelling caused by ulcers.
  • Use toothbrushes with softer bristles; Make sure that brushing doesn’t alter the sensitivity around the mouth.
  • Getting rid of toothpaste that has irritating chemical components like sodium lauryl sulfate.
  • Avoid foods that are hard to chew, sour, spicy, alcoholic drinks, sodas, etc.

Pharmacy Medicines

There are many over-the-counter medicines that you can purchase from the pharmacy without the need for a prescription and these medicines can help in the treatment of ulcers and even help with it in an even shorter span of time.

  • The usual medicine prescribed for mouth ulcers by pharmacists will be antibacterial mouthwashes. It helps in speeding up the healing process and reduces the inflammation in the mouth and prevents the spreading of ulcers as well.
  • If you are in extreme pain, then you can get painkillers in the form of mouthwash, lozenge, gel, or spray. It might cause a sting or a burning sensation at first but the sensation is temporary. The mouthwash can be diluted with water and should not be used for more than 7 days in a row.
  • Corticosteroid lozenges can be used to speed up healing and reduce pain.

Even though you may find a number of home remedies and medications on the internet and elsewhere, you should see your doctor before using any of them.

Is it Mouth Cancer?

It is mandatory to see a dentist if the ulcer lasts for more than three weeks. It can sometimes be a symptom of oral cancer. The ulcers that are symptoms of mouth cancer are usually seen under the tongue or on the tongue but one cannot confirm this.

The reasons for oral cancer can be because of effective smoking or use of tobacco, smokers who are also heavy drinkers, and infection because of HPV.

Regular dental checkups are the best way to detect such lesions inside the mouth at the earliest stage possible.

Mouth ulcers are usually known to clear up on their own but if it’s affecting your daily life, then it will be best to go for OTC medicines. If it doesn’t go away with those and you have other discomforts along with the pain, then the best choice will be to take an appointment with your general practitioner or your dentist.

Read to know: Things You Should Know About Oral Cancer

Feel free to contact us to discuss more concerns about how to get rid of mouth ulcers.

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What is Sedation Dentistry and How Can it Help You?

Sedation dentistry benefits people with anxiety and phobias, but patients who are unable to control their jolts and jitters can make it difficult for the dentist. Most patients are often reluctant to go to dentistry. The fear of pain and even more anxiety are the major reasons why people cannot fathom going to the dentist. This can be the result of a previous nightmarish experience. This is definitely a concern of many, and dentistry has put an end to this by introducing “sedation dentistry,” which is all set to give patients a relaxed experience at their regular dental checkups.

What is Sedation Dentistry?

If the idea of stepping into a dentist’s office in itself sends shivers down your body, and if you are someone who thinks it’s better to suffer intense toothache than go in, then this is indeed good news for the likes of you. In sedation dentistry, the dentist administers medication to the patient just prior to the procedure. This will help the patient remain calm and relaxed during the entire procedure. Doctors usually administer medicine for invasive procedures, but they can also administer it for normal dental procedures if the patient has high nerves. The administration of sedatives will be as per what the dentist may deem fit.

Types of Sedation

  1. Mild Sedation: Dentists can administer this sedative medicine either through inhalation or oral administration, and they commonly use nitrous oxide for mild sedation. This will not make the patient unconscious and behave normally but all of their nerves will be calm and composed and they are devoid of any stress or fear.
  2. Moderate sedation: This sedation is given to patients either orally or through IV. It is for patients who have more than normal levels of anxiety while in the dentist’s chair. Doctors can also inject these medications directly into the patient’s veins to induce relaxation at a much faster pace, allowing them to start the procedure. This level of sedation also keeps the patient in a conscious state, and the level of this consciousness directly depends on the level of sedative administration. It is advised that the patient have a bystander or a caretaker drive them back home.
  3. Deep Sedation: Deep sedation has been a common practice for extremely invasive procedures. It is otherwise known as general anesthesia. It is for extremely painful dental procedures like root canals, dental implants, wisdom tooth extractions, etc. When the patient is in deep sedation, they are completely unconscious and they will also require the help of a breathing apparatus throughout the procedure.

Who Needs Sedation Dentistry?

People of all ages can benefit from sedation dentistry, and dentists recommend it for the following groups:

  • claustrophobia while seated in the dental chair.
  • reduced sensitivity to local anesthetic.
  • Difficulty controlling movements.
  • Special needs, such as those that are psychological, cognitive, or behavioral.
  • fear of the dentist
  • a phobia related to going to the dentist.
  • extreme sensitivity in the gag reflex.
  • A fear of needles (aichmophobia).
  • extremely sensitive teeth.

​How Sedation Dentistry Works?

The concept of sedation dentistry is to relieve the patient of fear and help them remain calm and collected during the entire dental procedure. The sedation agents used during the procedure differ according to the dentist’s preference and the invasive nature of the procedure.

When it comes to sedation dentistry, the first step is for the dentist to decide on the kind of sedation to administer. The one picked will be on the basis of the right condition and the procedure that is taking place. After deciding on the kind of sedation to administer, the dentist determines the level of sedation. The concentration of medicine that should be administered refers to the level of sedation.

The most noticeable difference will be numbness in the mouth. No pain or discomfort, or even the idea that something is happening near the mouth, will be recognizable to you. As there is no pain, it is positively comforting to lie down on the chair when the dentist is working through the procedure.

Sedation agents create a sense of euphoria, which helps to calm the nerves and keep you positive throughout the treatment.

Doctors reserve general anesthesia or deep sedation for very intricate and painful procedures. This sedative will render you completely unconscious, and the reason for the same is that it can be a lengthy procedure, and the process can be a bad thing to watch out for.

What Should I Do Before Sedation?


It is best to speak with the dentist about any concerns you have about the procedure. The dentist will also inquire about your health condition and any other health risks you are facing. They will also ask about any of the medications that you are taking currently. Once we obtain information on these grounds, we will determine the kind of sedative to use and its concentration.

It is typically recommended that no kind of fluid or food be taken at least 6 hours before the dental procedure. They might also ask to stop any medications as they deem fit.

If you are taking blood thinners, it is essential that you mention the same. The doctor may suggest you skip them on the days leading up to the procedure.

Sedation dentistry is beneficial for people with anxiety and phobias. But it can be difficult for the dentist in the case of people who are not able to control their jolts and jitters. Sedation dentistry also helps dentists finish the procedure at a faster pace. Patients being relaxed and comfortable enables dentists to finish their work as effectively as possible.

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Why Retainers Are Important After Braces?

Braces are a great way to get your teeth into shape! But what happens after the braces come off? How do you maintain your straight and beautiful teeth? The answer is simple; retainers. Retainers play a crucial role in ensuring your straightened teeth stay in shape after getting them straightened with braces. In this blog post, we’ll dive into the importance of retainers and why you should wear them consistently. We’ll explore how retainers help keep your smile perfect even after the braces come off, as well as some tips on wearing and maintaining your retainer. Let’s get started!

What Are Retainers?

Retainers are dental appliances that are worn after braces to help keep your teeth in their new, corrected position. They are usually made of clear plastic and wire and fit snugly over your teeth. Retainers can be removable or fixed (bonded to your teeth), and your orthodontist will recommend the type that is best for you.

Wearing a retainer as directed is an essential part of maintaining your new smile. Without a retainer, your teeth may gradually shift back toward their original positions. Even if your smile looks excellent after braces, it’s essential to wear a retainer as directed to prevent re-aligning of the teeth.

How Do Retainers Work?


Retainers are essential after braces because they help keep your teeth in their new, straight position. They do this by holding your teeth in place while the bones and gums around them heal. Retainers are usually made of clear plastic and wire and fit snugly over your teeth. You will need to wear them all the time for the first few months, then only at night for as long as your orthodontist recommends.

Why Are Retainers Necessary After Braces?

While orthodontists design braces to give you the smile you’ve always wanted, not wearing a retainer afterward can cause some problems. Here are some of the reasons why retainers are necessary after braces:

  • To Keep Your Teeth in their New, Corrected Position:

Once the orthodontist removes your braces after one year, your teeth will tend to return to their original position.Wearing a retainer helps to keep your teeth in their new, corrected position.

  • To Prevent Relapsing:

Relapsing is when your teeth start to move back toward their original position. This can happen because of the changes in the shape of your mouth and jaw as you grow older. Orthodontic treatment might take up to three years in some countries. In India, patients can expect their orthodontic treatment to last no longer than a year. The use of retainers is a solution that may prove to be advantageous to prevent any relapsing.

  • To Help with Speech Problems :

If you don’t wear a retainer after getting braces, you may start to speak differently because of the changes in the way your teeth meet. Wearing a retainer helps with speech problems.

Read to know: How to fix the long-term impacts of crossbites?

  • To Make Space for the Emergence of the Third Molar :

Orthodontists typically use braces on adolescents because their facial structures are still evolving. As a rule, this indicates that their third molars have yet to erupt. After orthodontic treatment, you must wear a retainer regularly to prevent your teeth from shifting out of place.

  • To Improve Chewing Function:

Braces can affect more than just your teeth alignment; they can also affect the soft tissues and bone that surround your teeth. Dentists use retainers to ensure that the tissues and bones stay in their new positions once the braces are removed. This helps in the long run by reducing the tremors that can occur when chewing tough foods and stabilizing the bite.

  • To Reduce the Risk of Cavities and Gum Disease :

When your teeth are in their original position, it’s easier for bacteria to get into hard-to-reach areas and cause cavities and gum disease. Wearing a retainer helps reduce the risk of cavities and gum disease.

How To Care For Your Retainer?

Assuming you have a removable retainer, there are some easy tips to follow to make sure it stays clean and lasts as long as possible. First, brush your teeth and then brush your retainer with toothpaste. Be sure to get all the nooks and crannies. You can also soak your retainer in denture cleaner or retainer cleaning tablets overnight once a week. When you’re not wearing your retainer, store it in the case provided. And never wrap your retainer in a napkin when you’re eating because you might accidentally throw it away!

Also Read: How to Prevent Staining Your Dental Veneers?


All in all, retainers are an essential part of any orthodontic treatment. They help to ensure that your teeth stay in the correct position once you have had braces and prevent them from shifting back into their original positions over time. Remember to wear your retainer regularly and as instructed by your orthodontist to get the best results when it comes to maintaining a healthy smile. With regular cleaning and proper maintenance, your retainer should last for years, giving you a perfect smile for years to come!

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